Psychosis can be otherworldly — and it can also be completely disturbing when the symptom becomes too intense. This disruption of thoughts and perceptions can be all-consuming, and your new reality
often outpaces your understanding of and connection to the world. As a result, it can leave a person
seeing, hearing and believing things that aren’t real. This is often accompanied by strange and persistent
thoughts, behaviors and emotions.
Those of us who have experienced psychosis (or cared for a loved one who has) know that this symptom
of mental illness is difficult to navigate.
Ultimately, psychosis is best managed with medication, therapy, support and education. If you are
looking to better understand or manage this symptom, here’s what you’ll want to keep in mind.
Identifying Psychosis and Seeking Help
People experiencing psychosis often deal with a group of interrelated symptoms. Many people dealing
with psychosis, often those whose symptoms are rooted in schizophrenia, are unaware that they have
disconnected from reality. This lack of insight and self-awareness is called anosognosia. Others who
experience psychosis are aware of their distance to reality and the distortions that complicate their
connection to the world. Regardless, it can be challenging to recognize when something is “wrong” with
Delusions and other cognitive distortions can make it seem like these are natural changes in your mind’s
perception. While there are rare cases in which psychosis stabilizes without professional help and
medication, most people will find that their psychosis intensifies without medication and therapy.
People generally need immediate psychiatric intervention to slow down and interrupt the cognitive
distortions — so it is essential to talk to a professional if you notice this type of change.
If your medical professional determines that you are experiencing psychosis, it will be important for you
self-evaluate the impact of psychosis on your life and ability to function. When psychosis activates,
different thought processes are interrupted and derailed. With the help of mental health professionals,
you and your treatment team will learn how to identify each of these blocked and broken aspects of your thinking and cognitive functioning.
There are methods you can practice to self-manage — or at least monitor — psychosis symptoms. After
all, you won’t necessarily have constant access to a therapist or psychiatrist for counseling or support.
Indeed, learning how to self-manage psychosis symptoms as best as possible without the help of a
professional is vital to making gains in your recovery. Through ongoing mindfulness and self-reflection,
you will be better prepared to self-manage active psychosis symptoms in your living environment.
You can begin by paying closer attention to your patterns of interactions and habits on a moment-by-
moment basis. Take notice of even the most minor changes or interruptions to any of these behaviors.
Shifts in your behavior can indicate changes to your thinking and sometimes worsening psychosis.
This kind of observation requires tapping into your external world. How do others evaluate your mental
status? Checking in with friends, allies and peers is also an excellent litmus test for evaluating the quality
of your thinking. If friends and family seem concerned or baffled by your speech or the quality of your
thoughts, consider alerting your prescriber and therapist.
This self-reflective process is difficult and may require changing your thinking, so pace yourself. If every
detail seems important, that can signal an issue called “referential thinking.” If you find yourself zeroing
in on every behavior, try taking notice of your patterns of thinking across your day or week instead.
You’ll also want to ask yourself the following questions:
Am I communicating well?
Do people understand me when I speak?
How is the quality of my thinking?
Are my behaviors congruent with my goals and actions?
The answers to these questions will begin to determine how to track the meaningfulness and
effectiveness of your interactions.
Understanding and Communicating Needs
Despite your efforts to self-manage psychosis, you may experience a complete “break” with reality. In
this case, you will still need to effectively communicate your situation and needs to those who can help
you. This could involve alerting your family and the appropriate medical professionals (or your
treatment team if you have one in place).
In general, stress only further exacerbates symptoms, so the best time to communicate with your
support network is when you can easily focus and articulate vital information related to your treatment.
However, some situations may require you to communicate while symptomatic. For example, you may have to take antipsychotic medication to reduce symptoms, and when obtaining a prescription, you will
need to speak with a pharmacist.
Reflect on your experiences. Ask yourself questions about how you felt the task could have been
completed differently or improved upon (or, perhaps, done with less distress). For example, when it was
time to travel to the pharmacy, did you head there directly or make stops along the way? Given the
distress you were experiencing, would it have been less risky to go directly to obtain your medication
instead of putting it off until later in the day or month?
How was your interaction with the pharmacist? Was getting your prescription a smooth and seamless
process, or did the pharmacist express concerns about your behavior? Did they feel the need to
intervene in your care, make comments on your behavior or have you removed the premises?
Being familiar with the success of your past behavior and interactions will allow you to accomplish tasks with
the least risk of harm.
Ultimately, psychosis is a challenging symptom, one that you may have to manage throughout your life.
Accordingly, those of us who experience it should always be practicing our “survival skills.” This begins
with education and understanding how psychosis operates. It continues with determining how psychosis
affects you — and what supports you’ll need in place.
By developing a regular connection to medical professionals and peer support, you’ll be better prepared
for the unexpected. Keeping safety as a goal and knowing your weak points during illness will improve
your possibilities for navigating a break with reality and ensuring your safety.